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The Celtic past of Wales includes some fairy lore that was lost in England, a country more affected by the Roman and Norman invasions. In Wales there are tales of humans being trapped in the fairy realm, especially by means of dancing. There are many tales of intermarriage between faeries and humans, and advice on how to make sure you actually have a fully human mate. Marriage in fairyland can be good or it can be an enslavement. You can never see family again, and may forget your human existence, but if you are happy, then the Welsh wish you well.

Wales is a country full of Celtic King Arthur lore. They related Arthur and Queen Guinevere to fairy lore. Guinevere means "white phantom" and some believe her abduction by Arthur was an abduction by faeries of whom Arthur was king. He captured her in May, a month in which it was traditionally thought unwise to marry. This links both Arthur and Guinevere to the pagan belief that deities, and nature spirits also, mate at Beltane. Guinever had knights who often dressed in green, a traditional color of the fairies, and they were all excellent horsemen, another fairy trait. Morgan Le Fay, Arthur's sister, was said to have lived underground, possibly a fairy burgh.

Here is the partial list of Welsh faeries (fairies):

  ANKOU (GRIM REAPER): Can be found in Brittany, Cornwall, Wales and Ireland. He is also known as Father Time. He drives a black cart or coach, and brings death. No one has ever seen his face.
  BENDITH Y MAMAU (THE MOTHERS' BLESSING): A rather unpleasant clan of Welsh fairies. They are ugly creatures, and sometimes regarded as the result of interbreeding between goblins and fairies. They steal children and substitute them for their own ugly ones, called Crimbils. Through the intervention of a witch, the parents can regain the stolen child, who will remember nothing of its time with the Bendith Y Mamau, except for a vague recollection of sweet music.
  CEFFTK DWR: Similar to the Irish / Scottish water fairy shaped like a horse called the Kelpie.
  COBLYNAU (MINE FAIRIES): Similar to Cornish knockers, coblynau are Welsh mine faeries. They are not dangerous, they simply take great delight in mimicking the miners.
  CWN ANNWN (KOON ANOON / WHITE DOGS): Faerie dogs that can be seen crossing the moors and wastelands at night. They are known in England as Black Angus, in Scotland as cu sith and in Germany as Gabriel's hounds. Hounds of Arawn, later called hell hounds. They are usually seen as a portent of death.
  CYHRAETH: Similar to the Irish banshee, the cyhraeth cries or moans when multiple deaths, such as epidemics or accidents, are about to occur.
  ELLYLLON (ELVES): Faeries who live on faerie butter (fungus found on the roots of old trees) and toadstools. They have been known to transport themselves by riding on eggshells.
  GWARTHEG Y LLYN: Welsh faerie cattle.
  GWRAGEDD ANNWN: Welsh lake faeries of Ladies of the Lake from the folklore of Wales. Described as being beautiful maidens with long golden hair. They are said to be gentle and live harmoniously in families under the lakes and sometimes marry mortals.
  GWYLLION: Mountain fairies.
  PLANT ANNWN: Faeries of the underworld. They are guarded by the cwn annwn "White Hounds".
  TYLWYTH TEG (FAIR PEOPLE): Welsh fairies who live in lakes or streams or in hollows of the hills. The females are called y mamau (the mothers), a title which links them to the pagan Celtic deities, the Matres. Associated with them are the usual traditions of moonlight dance, the supernatural passage of time, the stealing of children, and the substitution of changelings. They are especially interested in children with golden hair. Their favorites they enrich with precious gifts, which disappear when these gifts are spoken of.

Welsh faeries are said to resemble beautiful fair humans with golden hair. They usually wear green, but the courtiers of the Welsh Fairy King Gwyn ap Knudd are described as being dressed in red and blue silk. Smaller fairies are more beautiful and virtuous and taller fairies are more dishonest. One group is tiny--the other group is as tall as a man's knee. Welsh faeries are traditionally depicted as courtly, almost medieval appearance and they love horses. Welsh folklore cites red and white as the colors of the fairy folk, colors repeated in the fairy choice of dress and in their color of pets. Red and white are two of the three colors of the triple goddess, which seems to indicated how closely intertwined the faery lore is with pagan deities.

The Welsh name use for fairies is y Tylwyth Teg, which mean "the fair folk".

Fairy elves,
Whose midnight revels, by a forest side
Or fountain, some belated peasant sees,
Or dreams he sees, while overhead the moon
Sits arbitress.

John Milton, Paradise Lost

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