For ancient Egyptians the most important part of existence
was their religion which played a major role in all aspects
of Egyptian society. The Egyptians worshipped many gods and
had hundreds of deities they believed watched over every
facet of life and death. In total, the Egyptians worshiped
about 700 different gods and goddesses. Each town had it's
own localized icons. It was not uncommon for deities to be
combined to form a new deity.
The king, or pharaoh, was the most important figure in the
state and also played a major role in the religion. The
Egyptians believed the pharaoh was the divine link between
humans and the Gods. His responsibilities included ensuring
the prosperity and security of the state which he maintained
through his relationship with the gods.
One of the more famous beliefs of the Egyptians was their
ideas about the afterlife. They believed the physical body
had to be preserved to allow a place for their spirit to
dwell in the afterlife. The Egyptians devised elaborate
funeral rituals where mummification was performed to
preserve the body. Large pyramids were constructed as tombs
for the pharaohs.
So seize the day! hold holiday!
Be unwearied, unceasing, alive
you and your own true love;
Let not the heart be troubled during your
sojourn on Earth,
but seize the day as it passes!
Tomb for Inherkhawy, The Harper's Song for Inherkhawy